Hello Gardeners, I’m Amanda McNulty with Clemson Extension and Making It Grow. Clemson’s Department of Pesticide Regulation is an established link in our state for farms which want to become certified organic. The application process is designed to meet the required National Organic Program Standards and guide growers in documenting their organic compliance. A critical part of the procedure is a scheduled on-site visit which is followed by a decision; sometimes with restrictions or suggestions.

One great way to conserve energy and save money on your power bill is to change the setting on you thermostat.  Set your home temperatures to 68 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter and 78 degrees in the summer.  Each degree higher or lower can significantly decrease your heating costs in the winter and your cooling costs in the summer. 


Apr 21, 2017

Composers write pieces, and performers perform them. But for the performers, just about everything the composer writes, with the exception of the notes themselves, is a matter of interpretation. The composer indicates that a passage should be played softly? Fine. But how softly? It should get louder? Okay, but how much louder? Faster, slower? – same thing, it’s a matter of interpretation and personal taste. 

Slime Molds

Apr 21, 2017
The "Scrambled Egg" slime mold.
Siga [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

These fungi are mobile at first, then they settle down to reproduce.

The South Carolina Senate
Russ McKinney/SC Public Radio

With the adjournment clock ticking, the S.C. Senate is finally debating a bill to fix the state's deteriorating roads and bridges.

Hello Gardeners, I’m Amanda McNulty with Clemson Extension and Making It Grow. Extension Agent Tony Melton and others always remind us to read the label before applying pesticides. Among the directions often listed are warnings about spraying when it is windy or very hot. These conditions can lead to pesticide drift – the product getting on plants that weren’t the intended target.

"R" is for Rivers, John Minott [1903—1988]. Broadcasting executive. After college, Rivers, a native of Charleston, moved to Greenville. There he became friends with the president of the Liberty Life Insurance Company that operated WCSC radio in Charleston. In 1938 he became president of South Carolina Broadcasting Company, which operated WCSC. He later purchased the station. In 1948 he began operation of an FM station. In 1953, he put WCSC-TV, South Carolina’s first VHF television station on the air.

Hello Gardeners, I’m Amanda McNulty with Clemson Extension and Making It Grow. If you employ a landscape maintenance company, be sure that they have a commercial pesticide license. State law requires that anyone who transports pesticides to use on their paying job on other people’s property or a government agency that is applying pesticides, including mosquito spraying, must obtain and display  decals on the front of their vehicle.

Light Pollution

Apr 20, 2017

Pollution comes in many forms and in 1988 the International Dark-Sky Association was founded to combat the problem of light pollution.  The IDA defines light pollution as any adverse effect of artificial light including sky glow, glare, light trespass, light clutter, decreased visibility at night, and energy waste.  Their mission is to preserve and protect the nighttime environment and our heritage of dark skies through environmentally responsible outdoor lighting. 

The body length of a full-size violin is about 14 inches, give or take a very small fraction. This is a standard length, and an optimum length, arrived at by trial and error over many years by the great violin makers of history. Violas, on the other hand, have no standard length. For the pitch range and acoustics of the viola there probably is an optimum length, but whatever it is, it’s way too great for the instrument still to be held up and played under the chin. 

Mark Hammond
Mike Switzer/SC Public Radio

South Carolina’s government offices are continuing to move into the 21st century with a recent announcement that more than 150 official business forms can now be filed online for the very first time.

Mike Switzer interviews Mark Hammond, South Carolina’s Secretary of State.

The "Snake Bird"

Apr 20, 2017
A swimming Anhinga.
Wknight94 ,CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

The Anhinga is sometimes called a "Snake Bird" because it swims with its long, slender sticking out of the water.

Open Burning

Apr 19, 2017

Open burning, or burning anything outdoors, is a common way to get rid or leaves and limbs, clear farm lands, and dispose of trash, but this method pollutes the air and often causes brush, residential, or forest fires.  In some instances, burning is illegal and can carry a hefty fine.  In South Carolina, it is illegal to burn trash in a burn barrel, but did you know that it’s also illegal to burn paper and cardboard as well as paint, electrical wires, tires, plastics, and roofing materials?

Looking at Conductors

Apr 19, 2017

The other day, a friend asked me if orchestral musicians really look at the conductor when they’re playing. It’s an interesting question, because after all, how can you look at your music and play all the right notes if you’re also looking up at the person waving the baton? The answer is that you do both, but not always in the same proportion and not always at the same time. There are times—the beginnings of pieces, for example, or at other times when the music starts or stops, or when the tempo changes, when you have to look directly at the conductor. 

It wasn’t too long ago that few people knew that “the cloud” was no longer just a meteorological term.  In fact, there is now an Upstate South Carolina “cloud” company that is raining money.  In 2015, they were named South Carolina’s Fastest Growing Company and in 2016, they were ranked #73 on the Inc. 5000, the prestigious list of the fastest-growing private companies in the nation.

Mike Switzer interviews Shay Houser, co-founder and CEO of Green Cloud, based in Greenville, SC.

The Fishfly

Apr 19, 2017
Judy Gallagher [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

The Fishfly is a member of the Alderfly and Dobsonfly group of winged insects.

Hello Gardeners, I’m Amanda McNulty with Clemson Extension and Making It Grow. In order to get a pesticide license to buy restricted use products, and to apply any pesticide commercially,  farmers, growers, exterminator’s, and landscape professionals must pass exams. For a private applicator license, people take a day-long course at a local extension office.

"M" is for McNair, Robert Evander [1923-2007]. Attorney, legislator, governor. After serving in the Pacific theater during World War II, McNair graduated from USC and moved to Allendale—the hometown of his wife, Josephine. From 1951 until 1963 he represented Allendale County in the South Carolina House of Representatives. In 1962 he was elected lieutenant governor. When Governor Donald Russell resigned in April 1965, McNair became governor. He was elected to a full term in 1966.

David Amram

Well-known for his compositions, film scores, and appearances as a guest conductor, David Amram started his professional life in music as a French hornist in the National Symphony Orchestra in the early 1950s. He went on to play horn in the legendary jazz bands of Charles Mingus, Dizzy Gillespie, and Lionel Hampton. He is a prolific composer whose music is based on Latin American, Middle Eastern Ancient Jewish, and Modern idioms. In this 1991 session, Amram performs on piano, horn, and a variety of flutes and whistles.

Allen Toussaint
Courtesy of the artist

Pianist, singer, composer and producer Allen Toussaint is one of the leading figures of New Orleans R&B. His hits include "Working in a Coal Mine" and "Lady Marmalade." He’s worked with artists including The Meters, Paul McCartney, The Rolling Stones and Elvis Costello. On this Song Travels, Toussaint joins host Michael Feinstein to talk about the iconic recordings of his original songs “Mother in Law” and "Whipped Cream." Toussaint also performs his compositions live, including "Get Out of My Life Woman" and "Southern Nights."

Actress and singer Marilyn Maye is a lifelong performer with a career spanning nearly eight decades. Her big break came in the 1950s, and she went on to become a staple of the New York and West Coast cabaret scenes. On this edition of Song Travels, Maye discusses her ongoing performing and teaching career, her 76 appearances on The Tonight Show starring Johnny Carson, and her many runs in Hello, Dolly! She and host Michael Feinstein duet in a medley of "Big Time" and "Open a New Window."

News Stations: Sat, Apr 16, 2 pm | Classical Station: Sun, Apr 19, 6 pm

SC Farmer's Markets

Apr 18, 2017

The Local and Slow food movements are gaining ground in South Carolina and your farmer’s market is a great place to find fresh, regional, and organic food while you support community farms and the local economy.

I’m guessing you haven’t thought much about this, but one of the things we musicians have to put up with is calluses. Not feeling sympathetic? But what if the calluses are peeling, or bleeding, or have bruises under or around them, or make you look like you’ve been attacked by a vampire? You can probably guess that string players have calluses on the tips of the fingers of their left hands, and you’ve seen the indelible marks on the necks of violinists and violists. 

Brain on the Beach?

Apr 18, 2017
Sea Pork
Andrea Westmoreland/Flickr

A listener reports a find on the beach that is a bit unsettling.

This week Bobbi Conner talks with Dr. Teresa Kelechi about research underway to explore a program of foot-fitness exercises for patients with mobility issues. Dr. Kelechi is a Certified Wound Care Nurse and Professor in the College of Nursing at MUSC.

Demand for financial education continues to grow at our universities and colleges.  As an example, our next guest says that the number of students seeking a degree in finance or other related disciplines at his institution has increased by 80% over the past ten years.

Mike Switzer interviews Greg Putnam, a lecturer in the finance department at the Moore School of Business at USC in Columbia.

"L" is for Loggerhead Turtle. State Reptile. The loggerhead turtle, a threatened species, is one of the world’s eight living species of turtles--and evolved some sixty-five to seventy million years ago. At birth, hatchlings are about two inches long. Adults can weight between 200 and250 pounds. The animal is reddish brown and yellow and has a distinctive large head—the source of its name--with powerful jaws enabling it to crush clams, crustaceans, and other food. Its great size and hard shell protect adult turtles from most predators.

Orders in hand, Navy Capt. Marc A. Mitscher, skipper of the USS Hornet (CV-8) chats with Lt. Col. James Doolittle, leader of the Army Air Forces attack group. This group of fliers carried the battle of the Pacific to the heart of the Japanese empire.
U.S. Navy

75 years ago, on April 18 1942, 80 brave men did what had never been attempted: they flew army bombers off a U.S. aircraft carrier on their way to bomb Tokyo.  The attack, which has become known to history as the Doolittle Raid, was America’s first strike back at Japan after the infamous sneak attack on Pearl Harbor that brought the United States into World War II.  In this report, Mount Pleasant author James Scott talks about the significance of the raid to the war, and its great psychological effect both on the American and Japanese publics. 

(April 21, 1972) Astronaut Charles M. Duke Jr., Lunar Module pilot of the Apollo 16 mission, is photographed collecting lunar samples at Station no. 1 during the first Apollo 16 extravehicular activity at the Descartes landing site.

On April 16, 1972, with the deafening blast of a Saturn V rocket, the Apollo 16 mission carried three Americans to the moon.   Five days later, Charles M. Duke Jr. of Lancaster, South Carolina became the 10th man of only 12 in history to walk on the surface of the moon.   In this report Duke, a retired Air Force general, talks about his historic mission, including the difficulties of landing and the advances in science made because of the space program, as well as his role as communications liason on the Apollo 11 mission, which put the first men on the moon.  

Itty Bitty Baby

Apr 17, 2017
A baby Eastern Mud Turtle.
National Park Service

When first hatched, the Eastern Mud Turtle is pretty tiny.