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Regardless of the rhetoric that we hear these days, huge demographic shifts are underway in our country that will continue to impact our workforce and our economy.  And our next guest says that because of that, diversity and inclusion in the workplace will be more important than ever for a business to succeed.

Hello Gardeners, I’m Amanda McNulty with Clemson Extension and Making It Grow. The autumn leaves are falling and the days of raking are almost a thing of the past for many gardeners. Mulching and vacuuming mowers are much faster and easier on your back. You should not allow leaves to accumulate over your turf grass, no matter if you want to rake, mow or blow them (raking is of course the most tranquil but do wear gloves or you’ll get blisters (I’m nursing one now). Leaves shade your turf grass from sunlight, you grass is still green and needs to photosynthesize to stay healthy.

A female "railroad-worm" beetle: lights on, lights out.
(c) Aaron Pomerantz [CC BY 2.0] via Flickr

By day, a normal looking "worm." By night... it glows! The railroad-worm, or glow-worm, is a larva or larviform female adult of a beetle of the genus Phrixothrix in the family Phengodidae.

Tony Caramia
SUNY

Tony Caramia is a world-class pianist and educator, currently teaching at the Eastman School of Music, where he is Director of Piano Pedagogy Studies and Coordinator of the Class Piano Program. Caramia is skilled in both classical and jazz, but has an affinity for ragtime, with a particular interest in British composer and pianist Billy Mayerl. McPartland got her start in the music business when she joined Mayerl’s piano quartet in England in the late 1930s. On this 2003 Piano Jazz, Caramia plays a famous Mayerl melody, “Marigold.”

"E" is for Erskine College. In 1836 the General Synod of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church organized an academy in Due West. A professor of divinity was added the next year and the institution was incorporated as Clark and Erskine Seminary. With more faculty added in 1839, it became the first four-year denominational college in the state. About 1843 the name was shortened to Erskine College and the theological seminary became an adjunct of the college. The school took its name from the 18th century Scottish theologian and reformer, Ebenezer Erskine.

Sticky notes are so handy in the office or at school, but they can be pricey!  So make your own with a few recycled items!  You’ll need a glue stick, preferably one that is washable, a stack of recycled printer paper, some scissors, some recycled card stock quality paper, and some all purpose glue.  


Neuroscience

Sep 28, 2017
A Minute with Miles
SC Public Radio/Mary Noble Ours

I’m grateful for advances in neuroscience, and for many reasons glad that every day we know more about how the brain works. But for all the studies of left brains, right brains, and neuron networks, some things will remain mysteries, and there’s no way around it.


Amphibians on the Menu

Sep 28, 2017
An juvenile Black Rat Snake.
Brad Carlson [CC BY-NC 2.0] via Flickr

Immature Black Rat snakes will eat amphibians. The adults feed on birds and mammals.

"D" is for Donaldson Air Base. Early in World War II, the US Army Air Corps leased more than two thousand acres of land from the city and county of Greenville to construct what was then known as the Greenville Army Air Base, with barracks, hangers, and related buildings to train B-25 crews. The base was deactivated at the end of the war, but in 1946 was reconstituted as the headquarters of the nation’s Troop Carrier Command [later called the Military Air Transport Command]. Its planes played roles in the 1948 Berlin Airlift and during the crisis in the Belgian Congo a decade later.

Hello Gardeners, I’m Amanda McNulty with Clemson Extension and Making It Grow. There are a variety of warm season turf grasses that can be grown in South Carolina. The most shade tolerant but the most cold tender is St.

You probably know about the big tea plantation in the Lowcountry of our state.  But probably not many know that tea is becoming big business in the Upstate, as well.  In fact, our next guest says that the southern Appalachian climate is ideal for growing tea leaves.

Mike Switzer interviews Steve Lorch, CEO of Table Rock Tea Company in Pickens, SC.

Reuse Milk Cartons

Sep 27, 2017

Most of us have juice and milk containers left over at the end of the week.  While recycling them is a good idea, think about ways to reuse them instead.  A cardboard milk carton could be cut down and used to create suet to feed the birds in your backyard.  Or cut the sides out of that cardboard juice jug and glue in rice paper to create luminaries.  


Spiccato

Sep 27, 2017
A Minute with Miles
SC Public Radio/Mary Noble Ours

The literal meaning of the Italian word spiccato is similar to that of staccato—“detached,” or “distinct.” In string playing, to play notes spiccato means to play them with a bouncing bow. With its stiff but flexible stick and tightened horsehair, the bow is like a long spring, so it wants to bounce. But spiccato involves a controlled bouncing. The bow comes off the string after each note, but the player has to find the balance between making the bow bounce and letting it bounce.


It probably won’t surprise you to hear that it costs a lot of money to keep someone in jail.  $20,000 a year in a state prison, and $30,000 a year in a federal prison.  But the cost is even higher when a former inmate turns back to a life of crime, which is what happened recently when an ex-convict killed a chef in a Charleston restaurant.  A sad situation that our next guest is working hard to alleviate.

Mike Switzer interviews Amy Barch, executive director of Turning Leaf in Charleston, SC.

The "Moss Animal"

Sep 27, 2017
A freshwater Bryozoan colony.
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission

A freshwater bryozoan colony will only thrive in clean water.

"C" is for Chapin, Sarah Flournoy Moore [ca. 1830-1896]. Temperance leader; social reformer. Known as Sallie F. Chapin, she became one of South Carolina's most visible 19th century women leaders. During the Civil War, she served as president of the Soldier’s Relief Society and after the war as leader of the Ladies Christian Association. In 1880 she organized the first local chapter of the Women's Christian Temperance Union in South Carolina in Charleston.

Hello Gardeners, I’m Amanda McNulty with Clemson Extension and Making It Grow. It’s critical that you know what turf grass you have in your lawn. Cool season turf grasses begin active growth in fall and need fertilizer at that time.   But warm season grasses are preparing for dormancy and should never be fertilized as fall approaches, not after August 15 give or take a week or so depending on your location. Although fall is an appropriate time to apply a pre-emergent herbicide for winter weeds, choose a brand completely free of the growth-stimulating element nitrogen.

"B" is for Berkeley County [1,098 sq. miles; population 142,651]. Created on May 10, 1682, Berkeley was one of South Carolina's first three counties. It was named for two of the Lords Proprietors, Lord John Berkeley Sir William Berkeley. At that time Charleston served as the county’s seat of justice. Over the next two centuries the boundaries and organization of the Berkeley County area underwent several alterations. With the abolishment of the parish system in 1865, Berkeley became part of Charleston County.

"B" is for the Bank of the State of South Carolina. The General Assembly chartered the Bank of the State of South Carolina in 1812—giving it the power to circulate currency and to act as the fiscal agent of the state. The main branch was located in Charleston, but by 1860 there were branches in Abbeville, Camden, Columbia, and Georgetown; the bank also had business agents in global financial centers such as New York and Liverpool.

Narrative: "The Second Draft of the Sketch"

Sep 26, 2017
Glenn Saborosch and Lee Malerich, Columbia, 2016.
Storycorps

This edition of Narrative features an interview from StoryCorps, an oral history project where friends and loved ones interview each other. When StoryCorps visited Columbia in 2016, Glenn Saborosch and his wife Lee Malerich shared how a painting and a dream helped them reconnect after meeting many years before.\

American Alligator, Alligator mississippiensis.
National Fish and Wildlife Service

Once-endangered, alligators have made such a comeback under federal and state protection that hunting them is now allowed by the state during a one-month season.   Many have also intruded enough into human space to become tagged as “nuisance alligators,” which must be removed by state or private personnel.  Jay Butfiloski, alligator and fur-bearer expert from the S.C. Dept. of Natural Resources, says a nuisance alligator is simply a gator in a place where someone doesn’t want it to be, whether it’s a private pond or a shopping center parking lot. 

Watchmaker Todd Waites works with tiny parts to get big results in repairing watches at Wristwatch Doc in  Cayce, SC, near Columbia.
Tut Underwood/ SC Public Radio

With competition from cell phones and an attitude of replace-not-repair toward many items, watch repair has become a rarer trade.  There are now fewer watchmakers (or repairers, to us general public types) in the United States than ever before.  Cayce watchmaker John Gawronski says that makes for a greater demand, and his staff is always busy.  He is sought out because not only does he have the skill, but also millions of rare watch parts gathered by buying out retiring watchmakers or jewelers.  There are opportunities for younger watchmakers if they’re willing to work, says Gawronski, and

Coral Beans

Sep 26, 2017
Mature Coral Bean seed pods.
Katja Schulz [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Coral bean is a native plant. Its red, tubular flowers grow on tall stalks in the spring, drawing hummingbirds and butterflies. In the fall, coral bean's seed pods begin to mature turning dark, almost black, and then splitting open to reveal shiny, scarlet red seeds nestled inside. All parts of this plant are poisonous, so be sure to keep them away from kids and pets.

Hello Gardeners, I’m Amanda McNulty with Clemson Extension and Making It Grow. Gardening in South Carolina presents lots of challenges, and how to manage our lawns is a major one.   Depending on your needs and location, you can choose from two types of turf grasses for your lawn, warm season or cool season.  Some areas can choose between the two. For those of us in the coastal plain, our only option is to grow a warm season turf grass. These grasses green up in the spring, grow all summer, and then go dormant with the arrival of fall.

Reuse Aluminum Foil

Sep 26, 2017

Invented in 1825, Aluminum Foil has become a staple in many homes because it’s terribly useful.  And once used, can be recycled or re-used.  Here are a few ideas for ways to re-use your aluminum foil.  Cut it into strips and hang it in your vegetable garden to deter birds and wildlife from eating your plants.  


Progress in Music

Sep 26, 2017
A Minute with Miles
SC Public Radio/Mary Noble Ours

For musicians and music teachers, the concept of Progress can be misleading. We can strive in our own ways to emulate the masters who’ve preceded us, but it’s a mistake to think there’s such a thing as being better than those masters.


Preconception Health

Sep 26, 2017

This week Bobbi Conner talks with Dr. Angela Choi about the importance of good health before pregnancy and also preconception check-ups.  Dr. Choi is an Assistant Professor and an Obstetrician and Gynecologist at MUSC Women’s Health.

Our country and our state’s population continues to get older.  Which means more and more people are turning 70 ½, which requires them to begin taking minimum distributions from their IRAs, if they haven’t already started.  Do you know what those requirement details are and what your alternatives might be?

NASA image of Hurricane Irma:: A series of massive hurricanes have threatened and impacted parts of the Caribbean.
NASA

As Hurricane Maria continues to move forward, mandatory evacuations have been ordered for parts of North Carolina’s Outer Banks. Here in South Carolina, hospitals are receiving patients evacuated from islands decimated by the storm.

If you’ve got an old wooden spice rack you’re not using anymore don’t pitch it out with the trash!  Save it and re-purpose it.  You could use that spice rack to hold paper craft items, acrylic paints, buttons, beads, glitter, yarn or thread in your craft corner.  Use it in the bathroom or by your vanity to hold perfumes, nail polishes, colognes, face wash or make-up.  


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