"E" is for the Education Accountability Act of 1998. The Education Accountability Act [known as the EAA] placed South Carolina in the mainstream of education accountability reform. It required the establishment of specific standards in math English/language arts, sciences, and social studies. These standards were to provide the basis for student assessment in grades three through eight as well as a high school exit exam. The legislation also called for end-of-course exams in certain high school courses. The purpose of these tests was to hold students and schools accountable for learning. Beginning in 2001, school and district “report cards, indicating whether the local schools were excellent, good, average, below average, or unsatisfactory, were sent to parents and published in local newspapers. An Education Oversight Committee was created to monitor and evaluate implementation of the Education Accountability Act.